Bone marrow failure syndromes occur when the bone marrow (the soft, spongy center of your larger bones) fails to produce enough healthy blood cells. New blood cells (stem cells) begin in the bone marrow and are released to the bloodstream when mature. Your blood has three types of cells: oxygen-carrying red blood cells, infection-fighting white blood cells and platelets which help blood clot. Bone marrow failure syndromes can affect one or all three types of blood cells.
Each case is rare and unique. Successful treatment depends on individualized, supportive care based on the severity of each case and how each patient responds to treatment.