Our skilled physical therapists at Parkview Therapy Services and Parkview Athletic Rehabilitation are trained in dry needling techniques, which helps reduce pain and tightness to treat a wide variety of painful conditions.
What is dry needling and how does it work?
According to the American Physical Therapy Association, dry needling is an intervention that uses small needles to penetrate through the skin and fascia, into a specific muscle region. The purpose of dry needling is to stimulate myofascial trigger points, muscles or other connective tissues for the management of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders.
Dry needling is used most frequently to reduce easily-irritable trigger points. A trigger point is a contracted or taut band of muscle fiber that causes pain.
Dry needling has been shown to reduce or quiet trigger points through a mechanism called the local twitch response. This twitch response is something that is controlled by the central nervous system. Often when penetrated or manipulated by the needle, the muscle undergoes an involuntary reaction in the form of a twitch or brief spasm. This reaction has been shown to reduce pain and muscle fiber tautness through a cascade of intramuscular and chemical reactions. Other associated benefits include range of motion improvements, normalized muscle pH, increased circulation, and decreased trigger point irritability.