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Hernia types and treatments

Last Modified: May 22, 2018

Diseases & Disorders

Hernias are quite common, affecting millions of men, women and children each year. We asked Elizabeth Schmidt, MD, PPG – General Surgery to share a high-level explanation of the condition, including causes and the different treatment options available.
What is a hernia?
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ or tissue protrudes through a weak area of the muscle wall.  
What types of hernias are there?
  • Inguinal/Femoral (groin/thigh)
  • Umbilical (belly button)
  • Incisional (surgical wound)
  • Epigastric (below breast bone)
  • Other Ventral hernias (abdomen)
What are common symptoms?

There are a variety of symptoms that can occur if you have a hernia, including:

  • Bulge or lump in the affected area
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Constipation

Hernias can also be asymptomatic, meaning you may not show any signs.

How do you fix a hernia?

With today’s technology, hernia repair can be minimally invasive. There are two types of minimally invasive options – laparoscopic and robotic – and each has their own benefits.

Laparoscopic surgery:

  • Faster return to work
  • Minimally invasive

Robotic surgery:

  • Smaller incisions
  • Quicker recovery

Not having a hernia repaired can lead to severe complications. It’s important to see your family physician if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above.

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