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A Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Axillary Lymph Node Dissection to Axillary Radiation in Breast Cancer Patients (cT1-3 N1) Who Have Positive Sentinel Lymph Node Disease After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Primary Objective: To evaluate whether radiation to the undissected axilla and regional lymph nodes is not inferior to axillary lymph node dissection with radiation to the regional lymph nodes but not to the dissected axilla in terms of invasive breast cancer recurrence-free interval in patients with positive SLN(s) after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy Secondary Objectives: To evaluate whether radiation to the undissected axilla and regional lymph nodes is not inferior to axillary lymph node dissection with radiation to the regional lymph nodes but not to the dissected axilla in terms of the incidence of invasive loco-regional recurrences in patients with a positive SLN(s) after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. For each treatment arm -To obtain an estimate of the distribution of residual disease burden scores -To estimate the distribution of overall survival Correlative Objectives: -To estimate the incidence of arm lymphedema. -To estimate the incidence of breast lymphedema for patients who underwent breast conserving surgery based on the specific treatment rendered to the axilla.

Phase

III

Recruitment Status

Current Studies