What is vascular disease?
Vascular disease describes many conditions that affect the circulatory system, including the arteries that carry blood away from the heart and the veins that return blood to the heart. Circulation of blood through the arteries is reduced by a buildup of plaque — fatty deposits inside these vessels. Poor circulation in any part of the body puts you at greater risk for heart attack or stroke. However, with early diagnosis and treatment, you could experience better mobility and a longer, more active life.
Common types of vascular disease include:
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- Peripheral venous disease
- Varicose veins
- Blood clots in the veins
- Renal artery disease
- Raynaud’s disease or syndrome
- Buerger’s disease
The National Institutes of Health estimates that one in every 20 Americans over age 50 has peripheral artery disease (PAD), the most common type of vascular disease.