Urinary Tract Infection
What is it?
A urinary tract infection, often called a UTI, is an infection that occurs anywhere in the urinary tract – the bladder, kidneys, the urethra (the tube leading from the bladder to the outside) or the ureters (the tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder.)
What causes a UTI?
Bacterium entering the urethra and then the bladder, usually from the anus, is a common cause of UTI. This leads to inflammation and infection.
Who gets UTI?
Women are most likely to develop a UTI because their urethra is short, and located near the anus. Men and children can also develop UTI. Certain conditions increase the likelihood of UTI including pregnancy, menopause, sexual intercourse, kidney stones, narrowed urethra and even not drinking enough fluids.
What are the symptoms?
- Pain or burning during urination
- Pressure in the lower pelvis
- Frequent need to urinate
- Cloudy urine
- Blood in the urine
- Foul smelling urine
- Other symptoms can include painful sexual intercourse, pain in the side and mental confusion.
How is it treated?
Following a urinalysis and diagnosis, a UTI is most commonly treated with antibiotics. It is important to finish the entire prescription.