Urinary Tract Infection


​What is a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that occurs anywhere in the urinary tract – the bladder, kidneys, the urethra (the tube leading from the bladder to the outside) or the ureters (the tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder).

What causes a UTI?

Bacterium entering the urethra and then the bladder, usually spread from the anus, is a common cause of UTI. This leads to inflammation and infection.

Who gets UTI?

Women are most likely to develop a UTI because their urethras are short and located near the anus. Men and children can also develop UTI. Certain conditions increase the likelihood of UTI including:

  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Kidney stones
  • Narrowed urethra
  • Not drinking enough fluids

What are the symptoms?

  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Pressure in the lower pelvis
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Cloudy urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Foul smelling urine
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the side
  • Mental confusion

How is it treated?

Following a urinalysis and diagnosis, a UTI is most commonly treated with antibiotics. It is important to finish the entire prescription.


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