Parkview Sports Medicine

​Heads Up: Concussions

A concussion is a minor traumatic brain injury (TBI) that alters mental state or causes other symptoms. Concussions are commonly caused by a blow to the head, and they frequently occur without a loss of consciousness.


Signs and symptoms of a concussion can be subtle and are not always immediately noticeable.

They may include:

  • Any loss of consciousness
  • Headache or pressure in the head
  • Feeling light-headed or faint
  • Memory loss or confusion/disorientation
  • Appearing dazed or stunned
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty thinking clearly
  • Dizziness or “seeing stars”
  • Giddiness
  • Convulsions
  • Clumsiness or balance problems
  • Slurred speech
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Delayed response to questions
  • Slowed reactions
  • Heightened emotions
  • Fuzzy or blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Retrograde amnesia (unable to remember events before a hit)
  • Anterograde amnesia (unable to remember events after a hit)

On-field Treatment

Athletes should be removed from play if any signs or symptoms of a concussion are present, and they should not return to play until they are tested by a healthcare professional who is trained in evaluating and managing concussions.

After an athlete has suffered a TBI, coaches or athletic trainers should note the following information:

  • Cause of the injury
  • Force of the blow to the head or body
  • Loss of consciousness (if any) and length of time
  • Any memory loss following the injury
  • Any convulsions or seizures following the injury
  • Number of previous concussions (if any)

Coaches or athletic trainers should also question the athlete periodically to determine degree of coherence.

At-home Treatment

The primary treatment for a concussion is rest – physical and mental – which means avoiding sports or exercise until symptoms completely disappear. Athletes should also:

  • Avoid taking pain relievers (aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen) for 24 hours following the TBI, as pain relievers can mask concussion symptoms. Athletes should continue to avoid taking aspirin or ibuprofen following this 24-hour period because these medications may increase the risk of internal bleeding.

  • Eat light, well-balanced meals for 24 hours following the TBI. Athletes should continue to eat well-balanced meals following this 24-hour period to meet proper nutrition and energy needs.

  • Athletes should follow proper return-to-play protocol as outlined by a physician, coach or athletic trainer.

Contact Us

When pain or injury strikes, call Parkview Sports Medicine at (260) 266-4007. Our team of certified orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, movement specialists and a registered dietitian nutritionist can provide you with rapid access to comprehensive care, sport-specific rehabilitation and sports nutrition information.

Parkview Sports Medicine

Services provided at AWP Sports Training –
Located within the SportONE Parkview Fieldhouse
3946 Ice Way, Fort Wayne, IN 46808
and on The Summit Campus
1025 W. Rudisill Blvd., Fort Wayne, IN 46807


This is general information only and is not a substitute for a physician consultation.


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